French newspaper on the 2nd of August 1914, after the mobilisation (original article here)

L’Action Française

«Nous ne serons pas seuls comme en 1870. L’agression est certaine. Nous nous ruons à la défense de nos champs, de nos foyers, de nos libertés, de notre rang dans le monde et de notre honneur, au secours de nos frères de Metz et Strasbourg ployés depuis quarante-trois interminables années sous le joug du plus lourd et du plus arrogant des vainqueurs. Le champion d’une civilisation sans rivale est en armes. Il saura disputer l’univers à la barbarie.»

L’Aurore

«Le sort en est jeté. La France pacifique n’a pas pu maintenir la paix. […] Il y a entre l’Allemagne et nous un monstrueux différend qui surgit aujourd’hui formidable : l’Alsace-Lorraine ! Nos frères opprimés, séparés de nous depuis 1870. Voulons-nous les revoir ? Voulons-nous leur rendre la liberté ? Les ramener au sein de la grande famille française ? Alors ne discutons plus. Ne cherchons plus qui a la responsabilité du conflit. La guerre est déchainée ; ce n’est pas de notre faute ; notre conscience est libérée. “Pour l’Alsace-Lorraine !” voilà notre mot de passe et pour la France. N’ayons plus d’autre pensée que la lutte acharnée qui commence. Plus tard nous nous retrouverons.»

L’Humanité

«Ils nous le tuent à l’heure terrible où plus que jamais, la France avait besoin de lui», écrit le député socialiste Marcel Sembat, qui deviendra ministre des Travaux publics.

«Jaurès meurt, et la mobilisation est décrétée ! Jaurès s’en va; la guerre arrive. Il aurait refusé de croire que la guerre fût inévitable, même après la mobilisation décrétée ; et notre devoir est de continuer sa tâche en nous entêtant furieusement à lutter pour la paix.[…] Ce coup de pistolet-là, il frappe à la tête, il frappe au cœur, il frappe le Parti, il frappe la République : mais surtout il frappe la France. On s’en aperçoit déjà ! On en convient déjà, parce qu’il est mort. Mais j’ai bien peur que bientôt on n’ait lieu de s’en apercevoir davantage. Pour nous, aux heures difficiles, voici notre recette : nous nous demanderons : “Qu’en penserait Jaurès ?”»

L’Écho de Paris

«Tout le monde se prépare avec un calme remarquable à faire son devoir. Ce calme il est tracé pour tous ceux qui sont des jeunes hommes, pour tous ceux qui sont dans la pleine force de l’âge. Mais les vieux qu’en fait-on?, questionne Frédéric Masson, de l’Académie française.

«Quoi ! Dans la tempête où se trouve lancé le vaisseau qui les porte, ils n’ont qu’à se croiser les bras, et comme les chœurs des tragédies antiques, à lancer des malédictions et des prières ? S’ils ne peuvent pas à soixante ans passés porter le sac et manier le fusil, fournir des étapes, monter sous le ciel des gardes de nuits, sont-ils à ce point cacochymes qu’ils ne soient bons à aucun travail de magasins, de bureaux, de surveillance ? N’est-il aucun poste où ils puissent remplacer quelques jeunes gens qui feraient les soldats ?»

Le Petit Parisien

Reportage à la gare du Nord. «En raison de l’énorme affluence, beaucoup de ces trains [pour les mobilisés] subirent des retards. Dans leur patriotique impatience, les jeunes voyageurs priaient les chefs de convois de ne pas les laisser se morfondre plus longtemps dans les wagons […]. A partir de six heures, des manifestations grandioses se succédèrent sans interruption, aux environs de ces mêmes gares, rappelant les débuts de l’épopée révolutionnaire, alors que, de même qu’aujourd’hui, la patrie était en danger.»

Confidentiel. «L’Allemagne a mobilisé à notre frontière» : «D’informations dignes de foi parvenues à Paris il résulte que l’état de “menace de guerre”, proclamé vendredi en Allemagne, a permis au gouvernement impérial de mobiliser en secret.»

Le Figaro

«Cette guerre, la France ne l’a pas voulue. […] Nos soldats partent et ils partent gaiement. Ils ont l’air de savoir où ils vont ; ils le savent. Rien n’était plus réconfortant que de parcourir les boulevards hier au soir. On y respirait je ne sais quelle atmosphère vibrante d’émotion et d’allégresse. C’est que ce peuple est fort non seulement de son enthousiasme mais aussi de son droit.[…] L’Allemagne se bat pour prendre la Champagne et la France pour reprendre l’Alsace-Lorraine. Et c’est parce qu’ils le savent bien qu’hier au soir nos petits soldats partaient en chantant pour la frontière.»

La Croix

«Il semble bien que tout est consommé et que la guerre est devenue inévitable», écrit le père Georges Bertoye, sous sa signature «Franc». «Le gouvernement cependant assure, et les hommes informés disent que nos troupes de couverture sont en état de recevoir le choc de l’adversaire. Les menées allemandes, sourdes et hypocrites, apparaissent aujourd’hui au grand jour. L’histoire y verra clair.»

L’écho d’Alger

«Hier soir, vers neuf heures, une des nombreuses manifestations spontanées qui ont pris naissance devant le square s’est formée en colonne serrée, après avoir applaudi les hymnes patriotiques que venait de jouer la musique, aux cris de : “Au consulat d’Allemagne, rue Michelet”, suivis de ceux de “A bas l’Allemagne !” entonnés en refrain continu sur l’air des “lampions”.»

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posted il y a 2 mois

Cover page of Le Petit Journal, 10 May 1897. “Incendie du Bazar de la Charité. Le sinistre.”
@credits

The Bazar de la Charité was an annual charity event organized by the French Catholic aristocracy in Paris from 1885 onwards. It is best known for the fire at the 1897 bazaar that claimed 126 lives, many of them aristocratic women, the most eminent of whom was Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Alençon, née Sophie Charlotte of Bavaria, sister of Empress Sisi.
The Bazar de la Charité was held annually in a variety of locations, by a consortium of charitable organizations that joined to share renting fees, reducing costs and grouping potential buyers.
In 1897 the Bazar was held in a large wooden shed, 80 by 13 metres, at Rue Jean-Goujon 17, in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. Within this shed a fantasy medieval street was built with wood, cardboard, cloth and papier-mache. Exits were not properly marked. These incidences would contribute considerably to the disaster.A novel attraction at this Bazar was a room where the new spectacle of the time could be admired, moving images projected by the Lumière brothers’ technology.
On the afternoon of 4 May, the second of the planned four days of the bazaar, the projectionist’s equipment (using a system of ether and oxygen rather than electricity) caught fire. The resulting blaze, and the panic of the crowd, claimed the lives of 126 people, mostly aristocratic women. Over 200 people were additionally injured from the fire. The disaster was reported nationally and internationally.
Some of the visitors fleeing through the courtyard were saved by the cook and manageress of the Hôtel du Palais, M. Gauméry and Mme Roche-Sautier (respectively), who helped them escape the fire through the kitchen windows to the adjoining building. The identification of charred remains by the use of dental records was a landmark in the early history of forensic dentistry.

Cover page of Le Petit Journal, 10 May 1897. “Incendie du Bazar de la Charité. Le sinistre.”

@credits

The Bazar de la Charité was an annual charity event organized by the French Catholic aristocracy in Paris from 1885 onwards. It is best known for the fire at the 1897 bazaar that claimed 126 lives, many of them aristocratic women, the most eminent of whom was Her Royal Highness the Duchess of Alençon, née Sophie Charlotte of Bavaria, sister of Empress Sisi.

The Bazar de la Charité was held annually in a variety of locations, by a consortium of charitable organizations that joined to share renting fees, reducing costs and grouping potential buyers.

In 1897 the Bazar was held in a large wooden shed, 80 by 13 metres, at Rue Jean-Goujon 17, in the 8th arrondissement of Paris. Within this shed a fantasy medieval street was built with wood, cardboard, cloth and papier-mache. Exits were not properly marked. These incidences would contribute considerably to the disaster.A novel attraction at this Bazar was a room where the new spectacle of the time could be admired, moving images projected by the Lumière brothers’ technology.

On the afternoon of 4 May, the second of the planned four days of the bazaar, the projectionist’s equipment (using a system of ether and oxygen rather than electricity) caught fire. The resulting blaze, and the panic of the crowd, claimed the lives of 126 people, mostly aristocratic women. Over 200 people were additionally injured from the fire. The disaster was reported nationally and internationally.

Some of the visitors fleeing through the courtyard were saved by the cook and manageress of the Hôtel du Palais, M. Gauméry and Mme Roche-Sautier (respectively), who helped them escape the fire through the kitchen windows to the adjoining building. The identification of charred remains by the use of dental records was a landmark in the early history of forensic dentistry.

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unhistorical:

January 13, 1898: ”J’accuse” is published.

Émile Zola’s letter denouncing the French government for its anti-Semitism was directed at the president of France, Félix Faure, and it was published on the front page of future Prime Minster Georges Clemenceau’s newspaper L’Aurore for all of France to read. By this time, Alfred Dreyfus, the Jewish French artillery officer who had been publicly stripped of his rank after being found guilty of treason, had spent three years on the penal colony on Devil’s Island. In that period of time, new evidence linking an entirely different figure to whatever acts Dreyfus had been charged with was exposed, kicking off a debate over anti-Semitism that split the country.

Zola’s letter was one important part of that debate; it began with this line:

Would you allow me, in my gratitude for the benevolent reception that you gave me one day, to draw the attention of your rightful glory and to tell you that your star, so happy until now, is threatened by the most shameful and most ineffaceable of blemishes?

Zola went on to describe what he called a “stain on [France]’s cheek” - the faulty case made against Alfred Dreyfus that led to his unjust conviction, the anti-Semitism of the French government, and the acquittal of the actual perpetrator of treason, whose guilt had been covered up. He made his arguments so strongly that the government would have to sue him for libel, which he knew full well; by being brought to trial, Zola would in turn force the government to reveal their weak case against Dreyfus and new evidence that might work in his favor. Zola was convicted of treason in February of 1898 but fled to England in order to escape jail time, confident in his own statement that “The truth is on the march, and nothing shall stop it.” The truth marched on, and in 1906, Dreyfus was completely exonerated, and he was even awarded the Légion d’honneur. As far as Zola’s involvement was concerned, Dreyfus’ triumph was a triumph for the modern intellectual and his or her new influence on society.

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Le traître : Dégradation d’Alfred Dreyfus, dégradation dans la Cour Morlan de l’École militaire à Paris.
@credits

In 1894, the French Army’s counter-intelligence section, led by Lt. Col. Jean Conrad Sandherr, became aware that new artillery information was being passed to the German embassy in Paris by a highly placed spy likely to be posted in the French General Staff. Suspicion quickly fell upon Captain Alfred Dreyfus, who was arrested for treason on 15 October 1894. On 5 January 1895, Dreyfus was summarily convicted in a secret court martial, publicly stripped of his army rank, and sentenced to life imprisonment in a penal colony on Devil’s Island in French Guiana.

Le traître : Dégradation d’Alfred Dreyfus, dégradation dans la Cour Morlan de l’École militaire à Paris.

@credits

In 1894, the French Army’s counter-intelligence section, led by Lt. Col. Jean Conrad Sandherr, became aware that new artillery information was being passed to the German embassy in Paris by a highly placed spy likely to be posted in the French General Staff. Suspicion quickly fell upon Captain Alfred Dreyfus, who was arrested for treason on 15 October 1894. On 5 January 1895, Dreyfus was summarily convicted in a secret court martial, publicly stripped of his army rank, and sentenced to life imprisonment in a penal colony on Devil’s Island in French Guiana.

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Eugenie Niboyet by Nadar
@credits

Eugénie Mouchon-Niboyet (September 10, 1796 – January 6, 1883) was a French author and early feminist. She is best known for founding La Voix des Femmes (The Women’s Voice), the first feminist daily newspaper in France.
La Voix des Femmes (English: The Women’s Voice) was a dedicated to education and the advancement of women’s rights.The newspaper was published daily beginning in 1848 with the fall of Louis Philippe and the emergence of the much more lenient French Second Republic. With the initial popularity of the newspaper, it soon became an official association with such prominent members as Jeanne Deroin, Pauline Roland, Eugenie Niboyet and Desirée Gay.

Eugenie Niboyet by Nadar

@credits

Eugénie Mouchon-Niboyet (September 10, 1796 – January 6, 1883) was a French author and early feminist. She is best known for founding La Voix des Femmes (The Women’s Voice), the first feminist daily newspaper in France.

La Voix des Femmes (English: The Women’s Voice) was a dedicated to education and the advancement of women’s rights.The newspaper was published daily beginning in 1848 with the fall of Louis Philippe and the emergence of the much more lenient French Second Republic. With the initial popularity of the newspaper, it soon became an official association with such prominent members as Jeanne Deroin, Pauline Roland, Eugenie Niboyet and Desirée Gay.

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posted il y a 2 ans

L’Humanité - Jaurès assassiné, 31 juillet 1914
@credits

On 31 July 1914 Jaurès was assassinated in a Parisian café, Le Croissant, 146 rue Montmartre, by Raoul Villain, a 29-year-old French nationalist. Jaurès had been due to attend a conference of the International on 9 August, in an attempt to dissuade the belligerents from going ahead with the war

L’Humanité - Jaurès assassiné, 31 juillet 1914

@credits

On 31 July 1914 Jaurès was assassinated in a Parisian café, Le Croissant, 146 rue Montmartre, by Raoul Villain, a 29-year-old French nationalist. Jaurès had been due to attend a conference of the International on 9 August, in an attempt to dissuade the belligerents from going ahead with the war

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posted il y a 2 ans

In Sétif the trouble started when police tried to seize the PPA flag, now the Algerian flag, and banners calling for the release of Messali Hadj and Algerian independence. It spread to the surrounding countryside, where tribes rose up.

In Guelma the events were triggered by arrests and the actions of the militia, which provoked tribes to take revenge on local settlers. The European civilians and the police responded with mass executions and reprisals against entire communities. To remove all traces of their crimes and prevent investigations, they opened mass graves and burned the bodies in the lime kilns at Heliopolis. The army’s actions caused a military historian, Jean-Charles Jauffret, to say that its conduct “resembled a European wartime operation rather than a traditional colonial war”. In the Bougie region about 15,000 women and children were forced to kneel before a military parade.

-

@credits

The Sétif massacre refers to widespread disturbances and killings in and around the Algerian market town of Sétif located to the west of Constantine in 1945. Shooting by the French authorities against local demonstrators occurred on 8 May 1945. Then, riots in the town itself were followed by attacks on French colons (settlers) in the surrounding countryside resulting in 103 deaths. Subsequent reprisals by French authorities and vigilantes are estimated to have caused much greater numbers of deaths amongst the Muslim population of the region. Both the outbreak and the indiscriminate nature of its repression are believed to have marked a turning point in Franco-Algerian relations

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posted il y a 2 ans

Equipe française des journalistes contre Daily Mail [football] : [photographie de presse] / [Agence Rol] / The team of the French journalists against the Daily Mail one. 
@credits

Equipe française des journalistes contre Daily Mail [football] : [photographie de presse] / [Agence Rol] / The team of the French journalists against the Daily Mail one.

@credits

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posted il y a 2 ans
schlieffen:

Cover of Le Petite Journal, May 12, 1907, a painting of Jeanne Weber
“Jeanne Weber was a French serial killer. She strangled 10 children, including her own. She was convicted of murder in 1908, and declared insane. She hanged herself two years later. 
Born in a small fishing village in northern France, Weber left home for Paris at age 14, working various menial jobs until her marriage in 1893. Her husband was an alcoholic, and two of their three children died in 1905. By then, Weber was also drinking heavily, residing in a seedy Paris tenement with her spouse and a seven-year-old son. On 2 March 1905, Weber was babysitting for her sister-in-law, when one of the woman’s two daughters — 18-month-old Georgette — suddenly “fell ill” and died. Strange bruises on her neck were ignored by the examining physician, and Weber was welcomed back to babysit on 11 March. Two-year-old Suzanne did not survive the visit, but a doctor blamed the second death on unexplained “convulsions.”
Weber was babysitting for her brother, on 25 March, when his daughter, seven-year-old Germaine, suffered a sudden attack of “choking,” complete with red marks on her throat. The child survived that episode, but she was less fortunate the following day, when Weber returned.Diphtheria was blamed for her death, and for that of Weber’s son, Marcel, just four days later. Once again, the tell-tale marks of strangulation were ignored.
On 5 April 1905, Weber invited two of her sisters-in-law to dinner, remaining home with 10-year-old nephew Maurice while the other women went out shopping. They returned prematurely, to find Maurice gasping on the bed, his throat mottled with bruises, Jeanne standing over him with a crazed expression on her face. Charges were filed, and Weber’s trial opened on 29 January 1906, with the prosecution alleging eight murders, including all three of Weber’s own children and two others — Lucie Aleandre and Marcel Poyatos — who had died while in her care. It was alleged that Weber killed her son in March to throw suspicion off, but Weber was being defended by the brilliant defense lawyer Henri-Robert, and jurors were reluctant to believe the worst about a grieving mother. She was acquitted on 6 February.
Fourteen months later, on 7 April 1907, a physician from the town of Villedieu was summoned to the home of a peasant named Bavouzet. He was greeted at the door by a babysitter, “Madame Moulinet,” who led him to the cot where nine-year-old Auguste Bavouzet lay dead, his throat badly bruised. The cause of death was listed as “convulsions,” but the doctor changed his opinion on 4 May, when “Madame Moulinet” was identified as Jeanne Weber. Weber engaged the lawyer Henri-Robert once more. Held over for trial, Weber was released in December, after a second autopsy blamed the boy’s death on typhoid.
Weber quickly dropped from sight, surfacing next as an orderly at a children’s hospital in Faucombault, moving on from there to the Children’s Home in Orgeville, run by friends who sought to “make up for the wrongs that justice has inflicted upon an innocent woman.” Working as “Marie Lemoine,” Weber had been on the job for less than a week when she was caught strangling a child in the home. The owners quietly dismissed her and the incident was covered up.
Back in Paris, Weber was arrested for vagrancy and briefly confined to the asylum at Nantere, but doctors there pronounced her sane and set her free. She drifted into prostitution, picking up a common-law husband along the way. On 8 May 1908, the couple settled at an inn in Commercy. A short time later, Weber was found strangling the innkeeper’s son, 10-year-old Marcel Poirot, with a bloody handkerchief. The father had to punch her three times in the face before she would release the lifeless body.
Held for trial on murder charges, Weber was declared insane on 25 October 1908, packed off to the asylum at Mareville. Credited with at least ten murders, she survived two years in captivity before manually strangling herself in 1910.”

schlieffen:

Cover of Le Petite Journal, May 12, 1907, a painting of Jeanne Weber

Jeanne Weber was a French serial killer. She strangled 10 children, including her own. She was convicted of murder in 1908, and declared insane. She hanged herself two years later. 

Born in a small fishing village in northern France, Weber left home for Paris at age 14, working various menial jobs until her marriage in 1893. Her husband was an alcoholic, and two of their three children died in 1905. By then, Weber was also drinking heavily, residing in a seedy Paris tenement with her spouse and a seven-year-old son. On 2 March 1905, Weber was babysitting for her sister-in-law, when one of the woman’s two daughters — 18-month-old Georgette — suddenly “fell ill” and died. Strange bruises on her neck were ignored by the examining physician, and Weber was welcomed back to babysit on 11 March. Two-year-old Suzanne did not survive the visit, but a doctor blamed the second death on unexplained “convulsions.”

Weber was babysitting for her brother, on 25 March, when his daughter, seven-year-old Germaine, suffered a sudden attack of “choking,” complete with red marks on her throat. The child survived that episode, but she was less fortunate the following day, when Weber returned.Diphtheria was blamed for her death, and for that of Weber’s son, Marcel, just four days later. Once again, the tell-tale marks of strangulation were ignored.

On 5 April 1905, Weber invited two of her sisters-in-law to dinner, remaining home with 10-year-old nephew Maurice while the other women went out shopping. They returned prematurely, to find Maurice gasping on the bed, his throat mottled with bruises, Jeanne standing over him with a crazed expression on her face. Charges were filed, and Weber’s trial opened on 29 January 1906, with the prosecution alleging eight murders, including all three of Weber’s own children and two others — Lucie Aleandre and Marcel Poyatos — who had died while in her care. It was alleged that Weber killed her son in March to throw suspicion off, but Weber was being defended by the brilliant defense lawyer Henri-Robert, and jurors were reluctant to believe the worst about a grieving mother. She was acquitted on 6 February.

Fourteen months later, on 7 April 1907, a physician from the town of Villedieu was summoned to the home of a peasant named Bavouzet. He was greeted at the door by a babysitter, “Madame Moulinet,” who led him to the cot where nine-year-old Auguste Bavouzet lay dead, his throat badly bruised. The cause of death was listed as “convulsions,” but the doctor changed his opinion on 4 May, when “Madame Moulinet” was identified as Jeanne Weber. Weber engaged the lawyer Henri-Robert once more. Held over for trial, Weber was released in December, after a second autopsy blamed the boy’s death on typhoid.

Weber quickly dropped from sight, surfacing next as an orderly at a children’s hospital in Faucombault, moving on from there to the Children’s Home in Orgeville, run by friends who sought to “make up for the wrongs that justice has inflicted upon an innocent woman.” Working as “Marie Lemoine,” Weber had been on the job for less than a week when she was caught strangling a child in the home. The owners quietly dismissed her and the incident was covered up.

Back in Paris, Weber was arrested for vagrancy and briefly confined to the asylum at Nantere, but doctors there pronounced her sane and set her free. She drifted into prostitution, picking up a common-law husband along the way. On 8 May 1908, the couple settled at an inn in Commercy. A short time later, Weber was found strangling the innkeeper’s son, 10-year-old Marcel Poirot, with a bloody handkerchief. The father had to punch her three times in the face before she would release the lifeless body.

Held for trial on murder charges, Weber was declared insane on 25 October 1908, packed off to the asylum at Mareville. Credited with at least ten murders, she survived two years in captivity before manually strangling herself in 1910.”

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posted il y a 2 ans (® hayir)

Le Petit Journal
@credits

Le Petit Journal was a daily Parisian newspaper published from 1863 to 1944. It was founded by Moïse Polydore Millaud.
In the 1890s, at the height of its popularity, the newspaper had a circulation of a million copies, and by 1884 it also included a weekly illustrated supplement.

Le Petit Journal

@credits

Le Petit Journal was a daily Parisian newspaper published from 1863 to 1944. It was founded by Moïse Polydore Millaud.

In the 1890s, at the height of its popularity, the newspaper had a circulation of a million copies, and by 1884 it also included a weekly illustrated supplement.

15 notes
posted il y a 2 ans