awesomefrench:

Etudiants attendant les résultats d’examens à la Sorbonne. Paris, vers 1910.
© Albert Harlingue / Roger-Viollet

awesomefrench:

Etudiants attendant les résultats d’examens à la Sorbonne. Paris, vers 1910.

© Albert Harlingue / Roger-Viollet

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posted il y a 3 jours (® feuille-d-automne)

Cachet du général en chef de l’armée de l’Ouest (1794). 

The Army of the West (armée de l’Ouest) was one of the French Revolutionary Armies. It was created on 1 August 1793 by merging the armée des côtes de Brest, the armée des côtes de La Rochelle, and the armée de Mayence, and was sent to fight the revolt in the Vendee.

Cachet du général en chef de l’armée de l’Ouest (1794).

The Army of the West (armée de l’Ouest) was one of the French Revolutionary Armies. It was created on 1 August 1793 by merging the armée des côtes de Brest, the armée des côtes de La Rochelle, and the armée de Mayence, and was sent to fight the revolt in the Vendee.

69 notes
posted il y a 4 jours
british-history:

An armed contingent of French forces attempted to invade the Isle of Wight on this day in British history, 21 July 1545. The French invasion was repelled at heavy cost to the British militia raised to defend the island. This occasion was the last time that France attempted to attack the Isle of Wight.

british-history:

An armed contingent of French forces attempted to invade the Isle of Wight on this day in British history, 21 July 1545. The French invasion was repelled at heavy cost to the British militia raised to defend the island. This occasion was the last time that France attempted to attack the Isle of Wight.

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posted il y a 1 semaine (® british-history)

Guillaume de Machaut, Poésies.

Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault) (c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer. He is one of the earliest composers on whom significant biographical information is available

Guillaume de Machaut, Poésies.

Guillaume de Machaut (sometimes spelled Machault) (c. 1300 – April 1377) was a medieval French poet and composer. He is one of the earliest composers on whom significant biographical information is available

285 notes
posted il y a 1 semaine

erikkwakkel:

sexycodicology:

Amazing manuscript in the shape of the fleur-de-lis. It is a Book of Hours for the use of Rome, made circa 1555.

(Amiens, Bibliothèque municipale, fonds L’Escalopier 022)

Not your everyday medieval book. I have never seen one like this before. Wonderful display of craftsmanship.

2 303 notes
posted il y a 1 semaine (® sexycodicology)
1950-2014 : toujours les mêmes bidonvilles | Mediapart

On the 12th of February, Mediapart visited the Bobigny camp where Mélissa, 8 years old, died because of a fire. The pictures the authors took reminded them of those taken in the 50’s in the slums of Nanterre and Saint-Denis. After researching through the archives, they compared the photos from yesterday and those from today. In nearly 50 years, few things changed, except that we don’t say slum anymore, but camp.

Le 12 février, Mediapart se rendait sur les lieux de l’incendie du camp de Bobigny où Mélissa, 8 ans, est décédée. En regardant les photos, nous sont revenues en mémoire celles prises dans les années 1950 dans les bidonvilles de Nanterre ou Saint-Denis. À l’issue d’une recherche d’archives, voici le face-à-face entre images d’hier et d’aujourd’hui. En près de 50 ans, bien peu de choses ont changé, si ce n’est qu’on ne dit plus bidonville, mais camp.

8 notes
posted il y a 1 semaine
pearlsark:

One-of-a-kind piece:
A Very special Art Nouveau tiara, circa 1900, with textured gold branches, carved horn leaves and apple blossoms, collet-set diamond pistils, baroque pearl buds, and suspending two detachable clusters of flowers and leaves. Piece by Paul Liénard, Paris | Vogue | Christie’s

pearlsark:

One-of-a-kind piece:

A Very special Art Nouveau tiara, circa 1900, with textured gold branches, carved horn leaves and apple blossoms, collet-set diamond pistils, baroque pearl buds, and suspending two detachable clusters of flowers and leaves.
Piece by Paul Liénard, Paris | Vogue | Christie’s

8 555 notes
posted il y a 1 semaine (® pearlsark-deactivated20130918)
medievalpoc:

skemono submitted to medievalpoc:
I was planning on submitting something different today, but with the recent mention of Les Mis and the French Revolution, this seemed more timely.
There were many black people in France around the time of the French Revolution—in fact, a census was taken a little earlier, in 1777-1778, counting the black population. The number reported in 1782 was 4-5 thousand, which admittedly was a small fraction of France’s population of 26 million. Whatever the case, there were many black people all throughout France. From The Negro in France:

These reports from the intendants were made out by city and town, so that it is possible to ascertain with relative precision the geographical distribution of Negroes in France. As already stated, they were most densely settled at Paris, and after it in the seaports, especially those of the west coast, like Bordeaux and Nantes. Yet even in the mountains of Burgundy and the Pyrenees were to be found a few stragglers.

These people came in all social groups. Although France supposedly did not permit slavery at the time, slaveowners from the Caribbean colonies were allowed to bring their slaves with them, or send them to France for training. (Though even the slaves were not without their options: a few successfully sued for their freedom, as in the 1762 case Lestaing vs Hutteau; some were manumitted; some escaped and could not be caught.) Many were poor, though some were rich, such as the wealthy free people of color in the colonies, who would visit France. Quoth Africa in Europe:

[A] man of color named Carstaing was elected to the National Convention from a constituency in metropolitan France in December 1793 to replace another deputy who had been executed. Of note, Carstaing was married to the comtesse Françoise de Beauharnais, the daughter of Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud and Anne-Maried Mouchard. Through the first marriage of Carstaing’s wife to comte François de Beauharnais, she was the sister-in-law of Alexandre François Marie, vicomte de Beauharnais, who had fought both during the American and French Revolutions as well as the first husband of Joséphine de Beauharnais, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and, as a consequence, became the Empress of the French in 1804. Hortense de Beauharnais, who was the half-sister of Carstaing’s wife, was also the mother of France’s Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, who after becoming the President of the first President [sic] of the French Republic in 1848 became Emperor Napoleon III of the French in 1852.

There were many servants of French aristocrats and nobles, who through their service could have good food, fancy clothes, even an education. The above is a portrait of Louis-Benoit Zamor, who as a child was kidnapped and sold to Louis XV, who gave him to his mistress, Jeanne Bécu, comtesse du Barry. Zamor was educated and well-read, enjoying the works of Rousseau. During the Revolution he joined the Jacobins and worked for the Committee of Public Safety, where he helped to have the Comtesse du Barry arrested, tried, and executed. At the trial, he stated he was born in Chittagong, Bangladesh, though the Comtesse was always under the impression he was African.
Afterward, he was arrested by one of the other factions of the Revolution for a few weeks, and after some friends got him released, he appears to have left France for some years. In 1815 he owned a house in Paris and was working as a teacher before his death in 1820.
None of this should be taken to mean that there was no racism in France, of course. In fact, the above-mentioned census was taken because of the 1777 Déclaration pour la police des noirs, which stated

that Negroes had become too numerous in French cities, and especially in Paris, that they were “the cause of the greatest disorders,” and that they returned to the colonies with a “spirit of independence and insubordination” that rendered them “more harmful than useful.” It was therefore provided that thenceforth no “Negroes, mulattoes, or other men of color” might be taken into France, whether male or female, free or slave, on penalty of a fine of 3,000 livres” (The Negro in France, p. 49).

Also,

The law required all blacks and people of color, whether free or slave, to register with an office of the Admiralty. Those with prior residence could stay in the country, but they were forbidden from marrying whites. In addition, they were ordered to carry cartouche or identification papers. (Chatman, “‘There Are No Slaves in France’: A Re-Examination of Slave Laws in Eighteenth Century France”, pp. 148-9)

[X] [X] [X] [X]

medievalpoc:

skemono submitted to medievalpoc:

I was planning on submitting something different today, but with the recent mention of Les Mis and the French Revolution, this seemed more timely.

There were many black people in France around the time of the French Revolution—in fact, a census was taken a little earlier, in 1777-1778, counting the black population. The number reported in 1782 was 4-5 thousand, which admittedly was a small fraction of France’s population of 26 million. Whatever the case, there were many black people all throughout France. From The Negro in France:

These reports from the intendants were made out by city and town, so that it is possible to ascertain with relative precision the geographical distribution of Negroes in France. As already stated, they were most densely settled at Paris, and after it in the seaports, especially those of the west coast, like Bordeaux and Nantes. Yet even in the mountains of Burgundy and the Pyrenees were to be found a few stragglers.

These people came in all social groups. Although France supposedly did not permit slavery at the time, slaveowners from the Caribbean colonies were allowed to bring their slaves with them, or send them to France for training. (Though even the slaves were not without their options: a few successfully sued for their freedom, as in the 1762 case Lestaing vs Hutteau; some were manumitted; some escaped and could not be caught.) Many were poor, though some were rich, such as the wealthy free people of color in the colonies, who would visit France. Quoth Africa in Europe:

[A] man of color named Carstaing was elected to the National Convention from a constituency in metropolitan France in December 1793 to replace another deputy who had been executed. Of note, Carstaing was married to the comtesse Françoise de Beauharnais, the daughter of Claude de Beauharnais, comte des Roches-Baritaud and Anne-Maried Mouchard. Through the first marriage of Carstaing’s wife to comte François de Beauharnais, she was the sister-in-law of Alexandre François Marie, vicomte de Beauharnais, who had fought both during the American and French Revolutions as well as the first husband of Joséphine de Beauharnais, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and, as a consequence, became the Empress of the French in 1804. Hortense de Beauharnais, who was the half-sister of Carstaing’s wife, was also the mother of France’s Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, who after becoming the President of the first President [sic] of the French Republic in 1848 became Emperor Napoleon III of the French in 1852.

There were many servants of French aristocrats and nobles, who through their service could have good food, fancy clothes, even an education. The above is a portrait of Louis-Benoit Zamor, who as a child was kidnapped and sold to Louis XV, who gave him to his mistress, Jeanne Bécu, comtesse du Barry. Zamor was educated and well-read, enjoying the works of Rousseau. During the Revolution he joined the Jacobins and worked for the Committee of Public Safety, where he helped to have the Comtesse du Barry arrested, tried, and executed. At the trial, he stated he was born in Chittagong, Bangladesh, though the Comtesse was always under the impression he was African.

Afterward, he was arrested by one of the other factions of the Revolution for a few weeks, and after some friends got him released, he appears to have left France for some years. In 1815 he owned a house in Paris and was working as a teacher before his death in 1820.

None of this should be taken to mean that there was no racism in France, of course. In fact, the above-mentioned census was taken because of the 1777 Déclaration pour la police des noirs, which stated

that Negroes had become too numerous in French cities, and especially in Paris, that they were “the cause of the greatest disorders,” and that they returned to the colonies with a “spirit of independence and insubordination” that rendered them “more harmful than useful.” It was therefore provided that thenceforth no “Negroes, mulattoes, or other men of color” might be taken into France, whether male or female, free or slave, on penalty of a fine of 3,000 livres” (The Negro in France, p. 49).

Also,

The law required all blacks and people of color, whether free or slave, to register with an office of the Admiralty. Those with prior residence could stay in the country, but they were forbidden from marrying whites. In addition, they were ordered to carry cartouche or identification papers. (Chatman, “‘There Are No Slaves in France’: A Re-Examination of Slave Laws in Eighteenth Century France”, pp. 148-9)

[X] [X] [X] [X]

756 notes
posted il y a 1 semaine (® medievalpoc)
demons:

French grenadiers on the Marne, c. 1917

demons:

French grenadiers on the Marne, c. 1917

133 notes
posted il y a 2 semaines (® demons)
poniatowskaja:

Tapestry of a ball given in 1573 in Paris in honour of the Polish ambassador to celebrate the election of Henry, the king’s brother and future king of France, as king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. Catherine de’ Medici can be seen in black in the middle.
The Polish emissaries had been expected by many, including Gaspard de Saulx, a military leader in the Wars of Religion and the earlier wars in Italy, to be uneducated, but in fact the ones sent were multilingual and well-educated, to the extent that “a large number of the French courtiers reputed to be well-educated were left blushing and tongue-tied when the Poles addressed questions to them in Latin”. The royal family fared better, especially Marguerite who conversed with such “vivacity and grace of manner” in Latin, Italian and French that one of the emissaries, Olbracht Łaski, the voivode of Sieradz, was so smitten that he referred to her as “that divine woman” for the rest of his life. 

poniatowskaja:

Tapestry of a ball given in 1573 in Paris in honour of the Polish ambassador to celebrate the election of Henry, the king’s brother and future king of France, as king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. Catherine de’ Medici can be seen in black in the middle.

The Polish emissaries had been expected by many, including Gaspard de Saulx, a military leader in the Wars of Religion and the earlier wars in Italy, to be uneducated, but in fact the ones sent were multilingual and well-educated, to the extent that “a large number of the French courtiers reputed to be well-educated were left blushing and tongue-tied when the Poles addressed questions to them in Latin”. The royal family fared better, especially Marguerite who conversed with such “vivacity and grace of manner” in Latin, Italian and French that one of the emissaries, Olbracht Łaskithe voivode of Sieradz, was so smitten that he referred to her as “that divine woman” for the rest of his life. 

45 notes
posted il y a 2 semaines (® poniatowskaja)

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