"Tu trouve pas bizarre que les anglophones appellent le 14 juillet 'Bastille Day' alors qu'on fête le 14 juillet de 1790 et non celui de 1789?"
La Fête de la Fédération peut aussi être vu comme un symbole d’unité vu qu’elle a réuni toute la population (dont le roi, le clergé, les nobles aussi) lors de la cérémonie. Cette signification est beaucoup moins violente que celle de la prise de la Bastille, et par l’inclusion du roi et des élites, pouvait être mieux acceptée par les monarchistes.
Comme le choix du 14 juillet comme fête nationale date de 1880, période où les Républicains venaient à peine d’arracher le pouvoir aux monarchistes, on peut voir aussi dans cette date une volonté de donner une possibilité à tous les Français de se retrouver dans la date, qu’ils soient Républicains ou non.
C’est du chipotage d’historiens, ça. La date de la Fête de la Fédération a été arrêtée au 14 Juillet en souvenir de la Prise de la Bastille. Ce n’est pas un hasard de calendrier, ni même une erreur basée sur une coïncidence, les deux événements sont liés in fine donc personne n’a tort ni raison. D’ailleurs, il n’a jamais été acté que c’était la célébration de la Fête de la Fédération, juste que la date officielle serait le 14 juillet. Donc trois options : - Soit tu optes pour la célébration de la Prise de la Bastille, donc la célébration de l’événement emblématique de la chute du régime et de l’avènement des nouvelles valeurs de la France. - Soit tu optes pour la Fête de la Fédération et tu célèbres le patriotisme français qui a découlé en parti des événements du 14/07/1789. - Soit tu optes pour les deux, et tu célèbres la chute du régime, l’inauguration des valeurs modernes ET le patriotisme français. Mais s’ils ont envie de célébrer la Bastille plus que la Fête de la Fédération, je ne vois pas en quoi c’est bête, erroné ou problématique, c’était déjà le cas dès le départ !
La date qui vient d’être choisie pour fête nationale correspond, dans tous les esprits, à l’événement fondateur de 1789 et non à la fête de la Fédération nationale du 14 juillet 1790, invoquée lors des débats au Sénat.)
Dernier avatar de l’utilisation de «La Chute» pour présenter la polémique née de la conférence inaugurale de Marcel Gauchet aux rendez-vous de l’Histoire à Blois dont le thème cette années et “Les Rebelles“ :
La controverse des Rendez-vous de l’histoire de Blois entre Edouard Louis et Marcel Gauchet expliquée par le point godwin
Quelque soit votre position à propos de la polémique, ce nouvel…
Christine de Pizan is one of the best known writers of the medieval period, yet if not for circumstances beyond her control she might never have picked up a pen. The daughter of an Italian scientist at the court of Charles V of France, Christine was given a classical education before her marriage at the age of fifteen to a royal secretary named Etienne du Castel. When she was 25, her beloved husband died in an epidemic. As her father had already passed away, Christine found herself responsible for the care of not only herself and her two children, but also her mother and an orphaned niece.
Christine began writing love ballads that caught the attention of wealthy patrons who enjoyed both her poetry and the novelty of a female writer. Christine wrote hundreds of poems, many on commission for specific nobles, and this work allowed her to support her family and clear the debts left after her husband’s death.
Christine’s most famous work, The Book of the City of Ladies (1405), is an impassioned defense of women. It challenged misogyny by creating a symbolic city of righteous women. The women profiled include historical figures such as Zenobia and Sappho, pagan goddesses such as Isis and Minerva, women from the Hebrew Bible such as Deborah and the unnamed Woman of Valor (Proverbs 31), and Christian saints such as the Virgin Mary and St. Lucy. Christine’s book was a testimony to the accomplishments of women and argued for wider access to education for women.
In 1418, Christine retired to a convent in Poissy. At the convent she wrote one final poem which she dedicated to Joan of Arc. It is the only known French language work about Joan of Arc written during Joan’s lifetime.
Louis XIV pf France (the Sun King) wanted to make France the arbiter of everything luxury — and make his country rich selling it. And one of the most important luxuries was fashion. To show off the newest French styles, Louis XIV’s designers created bisque dolls, or fashion dolls. They were small, easy to travel, and wore only the finest and most trendy clothes. Bisque dolls remained important, and designers used little dolls instead of females as models through World War 2.
I don’t understand american school years what the fuck is a freshman or a sophomore why do you have these words instead of the numbers
what why would you use numbers
so IT FUCKING MAKES SENSE WHAT THE HELL IS A SOFT MOORE OR A FRESH MAN WHY ARE THE MEN FRESH
America makes no sense, as usual.
bless the person that actually made the chart
laughter from France
France what the fuck
France always had was weird with counting xD
Oh, one of the mysteries of my life was just lifted. lol I always thought that “freshman” was a pet name for the youngest generations in school… Maybe bc in Poland’s high schools the youngest were always called “cats”…
It’s not weird counting. It’s fusinioning. We count backwards, that’s true but that doesn’t explain why we have two naming systems.
At the beginning ( after Jules Ferry’s laws of the early 1880’s) when our school system was even more elitist than nowadays, there used to be two kind of school: schools for the common people let’s say, that ended around 14 (a bit before, a bit after, depending of the time), and a school for rich people where you could learn latin or greec, enter if you had money, and that took you to university.
The two systems were separated. A wealthy child couldn’t go to the common people’s school, and if you had no money, even if you were brilliant, (that’s one of the reason French national tests at that time got better results than nowadays, because only 10% of the students, from the wealthier families, took them. Not nearly 100% of them like today), you could get extra classes in the primaire supérieur, and if you were very lucky and very brilliant go to the lycée and to university.
Anyway, the school for wealthy people was called the lycée even though it was composed of primary school, junior high, and high school. You found the unity in the name of the classes because each one got a number. From 11th to Terminale. Primary school and junior high were nicknamed “les petites classes du lycée”.
This system doesn’t exist anymore because of the reforms voted after WW2 - one of the main in 1975 with the creation of the “collège unique” (one junior high for everyone) - created a unique organisation of scolarity for everyone. The class of the collège and the lycée (junior high and high school) kept their elitist numbers, but primary schools kept the names they had before the fusion for the small classes: cours préparatoire, cours élémentaire and cours moyen.
"Marie Curie made some of the most significant contributions to science in the 20th century. And as most people already know, she did so at a great cost to her own health. What most people probably don’t know, however, is that the radiation levels she was exposed to were so powerful that her notebooks must now be kept in lead-lined boxes." - Adam Clark Estes, Gizmodo
Eugene Bullard, the first African American combat pilot. Born in Georgia, Bullard left for Europe in his teens (he later claimed to have seen his father narrowly escape lynching). He worked as a boxer in Paris, then joined the French Army during World War I. Bullard was severely wounded at Verdun, and after he recovered he joined the French Air Service. Once the United States joined the war, Americans fighting for France were mostly absorbed into the American forces, but because the Army Air Corps was whites only, Bullard remained in the French army. After the war, Bullard remained in France until the German invasion in the Second World War, when he and his daughters fled Paris. Bullard took part in the defense of Orleans but was wounded and escaped over the border into Spain, and from there to New York.
In 1949, Bullard was attending a concert in Harlem that was organized by entertainer and activist Paul Robeson to benefit the Civil Rights Congress. In what was later known as the Peekskill Riots, performers and attendees of the concert, Bullard among them, were savagely beaten by a mob that included members of the local and state police. Bullard’s beating was captured on film, but none of his attackers were ever prosecuted.
Bullard died in 1961 of stomach cancer in relative anonymity, and was buried with full military honors in the French War Veteran’s section of Flushing Cemetery. He had been a recipient of 15 decorations from the government of France, including being made a chevalier of the Legion of Honor, France’s highest award.
This 15th-century doodle is found in the lower margin of a manuscript containing Juvenal’s Satires. This classical text was a popular device to teach young students - kids - morals. The medieval teacher Alexander Nequam stated: “Let the student read the satirists […] so that he may learn even in his younger days that vices are to be shunned” (quote here). Spoken like a true optimist, because this page shows what young school boys like to do with rules: disobey them. And so in stead of studying the student who used this book drew a funny doodle in the lower margin: a figure with a flower in one hand and what appears to be a pipe in the other. Could it be his teacher? Doodles are of all ages but those produced by bored school kids are the most entertaining.
Pic: Carpentras, Bibliothèque municipale, MS 368 (here). Here is another example of school kids doodling.
Such a great tumblr, follow and you are bound to enjoy these discoveries