Le Mariage de Louis XIII, Roi de France et de Navarre, et d’Anne d’Autriche de Jean Chalette (1581-1644), commandée par les Capitouls de 1614-1615, huile sur toile de 2,49m par 1,38m - Musée des Augustins à Toulouse. - Reproduit dans L’Or de Toulouse Fernand Cousteaux, éditions Locales de France / La Dépèche du Midi 1996) ISBN:2-911-065-02-6 - Photo de cette reproduction par Siren|Com.
Anne was betrothed at age 11 to Louis XIII. For fear that Louis XIII would die early, the Spanish court stipulated that she would return to Spain with her dowry, jewels, and wardrobe if he did die. The pecuniary arrangements being thus satisfied, Anne was saluted as the Queen of France, “a dignity which her Highness accepts with marvellous dignity and gravity”. Prior to the marriage, Anne renounced all succession rights she had had for herself and her descendants by Louis, with a provision that she would resume her rights should she be left a childless widow. On 24 November 1615, Louis and Anne were married by proxy in Burgos while Louis’s sister, Elizabeth, and Anne’s brother, Philip IV of Spain, were married by proxy in Bordeaux. These marriages followed the tradition of cementing military and political alliances between France and Spain that began with the marriage of Philip II of Spain to Elisabeth of Valois in 1559 as part of the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis. Anne and Elisabeth were both exchanged on the Isle of Pheasants, between Hendaye and Fuenterrabía.