La duchesse de Montpensier faisant ouvrir le feu sur l’armée royale, gravure issue de l’ouvrage Histoire de France, par François GUIZOT, France, 1875. (Duchess of Montpensier firing on the Royal army )
Anne Marie Louise d’Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier, known as La Grande Mademoiselle, was the eldest daughter of Gaston d’Orléans, and his first wife Marie de Bourbon. She is best remembered for her role in the Fronde, her role in bringing the famous composer Lully to the king’s court, and her Mémoires.
During the Fronde, Mademoiselle, in order to allow the Prince of Condé into the city, which was controlled by Turenne, fired from the Bastille on the army of Turenne on 2 July 1652.