Première page du Traité de Paris de 1763 - Archives du ministère français des Affaires étrangères
The Treaty of Paris, also known as the Peace of Paris and the Treaty of 1763, was signed on 10 February 1763 by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement, after Britain’s victory over France and Spain during the Seven Years’ War.
The signing of the treaty formally ended the Seven Years’ War, otherwise known as the French and Indian War in the North American theatre, which marked the beginning of an era of British dominance outside Europe.
France ceded almost all of its territory in mainland North America, but retained fishing rights off Newfoundland and the two small islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon, where it could dry that fish. In turn France gained the return of its sugar colony, Guadeloupe, which it considered more valuable than Canada.